Chelsea v Bournemouth: Blues fringe players get chance

first_imgAs expected, Chelsea make a number of changes for the Carabao Cup quarter-final at Stamford Bridge – eight in total. Michy Batshuayi starts, as do Kenedy, Ethan Ampadu and Danny Drinkwater.Academy duo Dujon Sterling and Callum Hudson-Odoi are on the bench, as are Eden Hazard and Alvaro Morata.Striker Hudson-Odoi and right-back Dujon Sterling have both impressed at youth and Under-23 levels for the Blues.Bournemouth, meanwhile, make seven changes to their side, with the likes of Steve Cook, Harry Arter and Dan Gosling returning.Chelsea: Caballero; Rudiger, Ampadu, Cahil); Zappacosta, Drinkwater, Fabregas, Kenedy; Willian, Batshuayi, Pedro. Subs: Eduardo, Clarke-Salter, Sterling, Bakayoko, Hazard, Hudson-Odoi, Morata.Bournemouth: Boruc, Smith, Francis, Cook, Simpson, Surman, Arter, Gosling, Mousset, Fraser, Defoe.Subs: Ramsdale, Ake, Cook, Hyndman, Ibe, Pugh, Wilson. Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebooklast_img read more

Instinct: ‘Somehow’ Is Not an Evolutionary Explanation

first_imgWhy does America’s most prestigious scientific journal put up with a story like, ‘somehow it evolved in an ancestor’?The word ‘somehow’ appears twice in this summary on of a Perspective piece in Science about the evolution of instincts:A pair of biology professors, one with the University of Illinois, the other with Macquarie University in Australia has proposed in a Perspective piece in the journal Science that the traits we see as instinctual in animals were likely learned by ancestors. In their paper, Gene Robinson and Andrew Barron suggest that those behaviors learned by ancestors wound up in their DNA somehow, making them instinctual behaviors in later generations….But where did these innate abilities come from? That is the question posed by Robinson and Barron—they suggest many, if not all innate abilities arise due to an ancestor learning how to do something and then somehow passing that information along in their DNA.To fill in the details of the ‘somehow’ so that it rises above the Stuff Happens Law, the evolutionists wave the word ‘epigenetics’ around. Their use of the word, however, is devoid of empirical evidence, rendering it equivalent to the ‘somehow’ hypothesis. Note the rise in the perhapsimaybecouldness index:The pair suggest such a form of natural selection could lead to behaviors being adopted at increasingly early stages, until they appear as if hard-wired into the brain, which suggests they might display it even before a given stimuli had been encountered. They readily acknowledge that no such mechanism has been found for converting epigenetic changes into DNA changes, but note that epigenetics is still a young science and that such a mechanism could yet be found.Does the statement in Science improve on this vacuous episode of imaginary hand-waving? It’s only one paragraph long.An animal mind is not born as an empty canvas: Bottlenose dolphins know how to swim and honey bees know how to dance without ever having learned these skills. Little is known about how animals acquire the instincts that enable such innate behavior. Instincts are widely held to be ancestral to learned behavior. Some have been elegantly analyzed at the cellular and molecular levels, but general principles do not exist. Based on recent research, we argue instead that instincts evolve from learning and are therefore served by the same general principles that explain learning.From this kind of explanation, we learn several things:We know what we can observe.Evolutionists ‘know little’ how animals ‘acquired’ instincts.Evolutionists ‘hold’ that instincts are ancestral.There are no general principles for the evolution of instincts.Explanations for learning and instincts evolve by convergent evolution.You can get away with empty speculation in Science Magazine, as long as you are an evolutionist.Their explanation suggests a conundrum: did the ancestor learn by instinct? That conundrum has a corollary: do evolutionists learn by instinct to devise evolutionary explanations?This is a good time to review the Three Steps to an Evolutionary Explanation: (1) Worship Darwin with all your heart, soul, strength and mind; (2) Observe a fact; (3) Confabulate a mythoid that says the fact evolved somehow, and offer it in worship to Darwin. (Visited 719 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0last_img read more

Tips on Developing EarthCaches in U.S. National Parks

first_imgEditor’s Note: The content in this article were first presented by Stuart West and Marcia Keener of the National Park Service during the 1st International EarthCache Mega-Event in Maine, USA on 2 September 2012. Share with your Friends:More Set up an in-person appointment with that person if possible.Be patient. If park staff are unfamiliar with geocaching or are new to this request, it may not be clear who will handle cache requests – and approval will always be interdisciplinary. In other words, although there may be one “lead,” several people may need to be consulted to get permission.Be informative. Many people do not have experience with EarthCaches. Some have had or heard about negative experiences with geocaches so they may or may not want to learn more. Perhaps you can demonstrate or teach the activity to park staff.Be flexible. Provide the coordinates you plan on using. Better yet, walk to your proposed location. You may get good feedback and answer questions in the field.  Park staff will consider safety, resource damage, and possible theft of archeological or natural resources.Be informed about the park’s purpose. Explain how your proposed cache, especially an EarthCache, might support the mission and help draw and teach visitors about the park’s resources, or that park’s story about our Nation’s heritage. The Lowly Worm EarthCache can be discovered in Shenandoah National ParkBy Stuart West and Marcia Keener of the National Park Service, Edited by Jenn SevaAre you interested in developing EarthCaches on lands managed by the National Park Service (NPS)?  Our friends at the NPS provided pointers so that more EarthCaches might be permitted. Remember that geocaches are prohibited on these lands until they are permitted. You must ask for permission first. There is no guarantee a request to place a cache will be fulfilled. But odds are good. To date, close to 75 EarthCaches have been permitted on NPS managed lands!BasicsThe NPS was created in 1916. Those of you doing the math will realize that 2016 will represent quite the milestone!  Today, there are nearly 400 units, like parks and scenic trails, within the NPS.  Although we commonly call them all national parks, only 58 have that official designation. The complete list details all NPS units. There are national monuments, national seashores, national rivers, national historic sites, and the list goes on. For simplification, we will call all NPS units “national parks” in this article.Why is this NPS designation important? Because that gives you an idea of the purpose of a park and a clue as to whether or not geocaching might be permitted. Why was a particular national park established? Do you understand its history? What must managers do to protect it? What are the interpretive or education plans? How might  you help carry out their mission?National parks are managed to a high standard, but do differ on types of activities that are allowed. The  likelihood of getting a geocache placed in a national battlefield park is much less likely than a national recreation area (NRA).  National battlefield parks may not even permit kite flying or Frisbee throwing because those activities are deemed inappropriate over the gravesites and hallowed grounds of those who have died for our freedoms. Conversely, geocaching may be deemed appropriate for some areas in a national recreation area.  Always keep basics like the park’s mission in mind when thinking of proposing a geocache.National parks are run much like cities.  Both have a police force, fire department, and rescue squad. They both have roads to repair and they both have educators, buildings to maintain, and trash to manage. Detroit is managed differently than Los Angeles, and LA is not managed exactly like New York, Atlanta or New Orleans. No two parks are managed exactly the same way. Cities and parks face a variety of unique challenges based upon climate, topography, government infrastructure, job opportunities, and available funding. Consider that a city exists in a particular area for specific reason. A national park is set aside to protect a specific natural or cultural resource.So, you have an idea for an EarthCache in a nearby national park.The following tips will likely save you a lot of time and effort.First task is to find out who will be your contact in the park before you put too much time into scoping out a possible cache location or creating text.In some parks, your point of contact will be the Chief Ranger, the person who is responsible for managing law enforcement in the park.It may be the Chief of Interpretation, responsible for education and information.The Chief of Resource Management may be your contact especially when plants and wildlife health are of concern.It is usually one of these three chiefs that will be your point of contact.  In smaller parks some chiefs may manage multiple disciplines, making your search easier.In some parks, the duty of managing Geocaches may fall to the Special Park Uses Coordinator (people often have numerous duties or roles in parks), especially if that park requires a permit for placing a cache. Everyone in the park reports to the park superintendent or manager. Next StepsDetermine whether you need a Special Use Permit by discussing the proposal and applying for one if necessary.When proposing an EarthCache, remind managers that EarthCaches were developed in partnership between the Geological Society of America, the NPS and be mindful of other responsibilities that park staff have. Give them ample time to review your proposal. Gentle reminders might be appropriate if many weeks have gone by.Remember that managers have the full right to approve or deny the application, have final say over content, and can insist that a cache be removed if there is a problem.After you get park permission, submit your plans to  Your EarthCache description must be reviewed by the park staff prior to final submission. Federal Regulations That Affect Traditional GeocachesEarthCaches focus on geoscience feature of our Earth and so do not need a container like traditional geocaches do. National parks enforce the regulations listed within Title 36 Code of Federal Regulations (36 CFR) when caches use physical containers. This is in violation of established regulations until permission is granted by the park superintendent and written within the Superintendent’s Compendium, the document of park-specific regulations. Two sections of 36 CFR are typically used to enforce park prohibitions against physical geocaches. A third regulation, 36 CFR §2.1 Preservation of natural, cultural, and archeological resources, has also been cited in cases where geocachers disturb the environment to conceal their caches. The two most common violations cited are violation of a park closure and abandoned property:36 CFR §1.5 Closures and Public Use Limits … based upon a determination that such action is necessary for the … protection of environmental or scenic values, protection of natural or cultural resources … , or the avoidance of conflict among visitor use activity, the superintendent may: (2) … Impose conditions or restrictions on a use or activity.36 CFR §2.2 (a) Property:  The following are prohibited: (2) Leaving property unattended for longer than 24 hours except in locations where longer time periods have been designated or in accordance with conditions established by the superintendent.Again, permission from park managers is required before any geocache can be placed on national park lands. Caches using physical components may be best in developed areas or requested near visitor centers.See stories on successful placement of physical caches in North Cascades and a Do-It-Yourself GeoTrail turned GeoTour.Reference Material Read the submittal guidelines linked from the main navigation. All EarthCaches are a type of geocache so they are also subject to the usual guidelines. Experience Your America ™ EarthCache at Acadia National Park EarthCache at Shenandoah National Park EarthCache at Denali National Park and Preserve SharePrint RelatedOne Woman’s Journey Brings Physical Geocaches to National ParksDecember 8, 2010In “Community”Happy 100th Birthday US National Park Service! Let’s Celebrate with a GeoTour!June 6, 2016In “Community”Inside Geocaching HQ Podcast Transcript (Episode 13): EarthCachesMay 10, 2018In “Community”last_img read more

Der Telefonjoker (🌜Night-Cache, Multi🌛) — Geocache of the Week

first_imgThe first stage is a mailbox with cryptic numbers on it that point you to the next stage. After unscrambling the numbers and finding the coords, the next stage requires you to take out the UV light and search the area for the next waypoint. A voice comes from a speaker inside the box and gives instructions on how to open the next locks. Difficulty: 4 Terrain: 1.5 The final stage is a locked chest and the only way in is by picking the lock. The Joker appears, along with another lock to pick on a smaller box, but there’s a catch. This box holds 200 cell phones, not the logbook.There are three phones that contain the correct numbers for the combination of the final lock. If you make it through this daunting stage the logbook awaits you, to proudly impress your letterbox stamp upon it, and you save the day.  Location: Zurich, Switzerland N 47° 14.421′ E 008° 29.780′ You will have to wait for a dark ‘night’ to find this cache. We aren’t talking about Batman—this is a night cache, so all you have to do is wait for the sun to go down. This Letterbox Hybrid is no joke. It has three stages that lead you to a red-herring box full of 200 mobile phones and a birdhouse with an mp3 speaker that tells you your task to find this Geocache of the Week.  Traditional GC7XJ13 by WM79 A sidekick is recommended and an appointment needs to be made ahead of time via the cache page.  SharePrint Related’Tis Only a Flesh Wound — On a Dark Night (GC1JHWA) — Geocache of the WeekJanuary 29, 2015In “Community”DieMuggels – Genesis (A rough night) – Geocache of the WeekJanuary 24, 2018In “Community”Don’t Shock the Goat — Geocache of the WeekOctober 2, 2019In “Geocache of the Week” UV lightFlashlightLock picking set Share with your Friends:More Finding a cache at night can be creepy, and this one is no exception: at the end of this one you come face to face with the infamous Joker. The unpredictable menace is up to no good and stands between you and the logbook. Like Batman, you need to save the day with a couple tactical items in your utility belt:last_img read more

Sitting All Day is Risky. Is a Standing Desk Right For You?

first_imgjohn paul titlow Do you know how many hours per week you spend sitting in front of your computer? Lifehacker founder, programmer and author Gina Trapani was curious enough to use personal analytics to find out. As she wrote in a blog post earlier today, her findings were not promising. Using time management Web app RescueTime, Trapani, discovered that she was spending as much as 48 hours sitting down in one week. For Web workers like her, this is probably not unusual. That remaining utterly sedentary for large amounts of time can be harmful to one’s health is not exactly breaking news. But as the New York Times reported last week, a new study has shown that even regular exercise may not be enough to curtail the increased risk of heart attacks and other health troubles that our increasingly sedentary lifestyles present. Trapani, who was concerned about the impact that 48 weekly hours of sitting may have on her health, decided to convert to a workstation built for standing at eye-level with the computer screen, rather than sitting in a chair, which is not included in the set-up.“Now that I’m standing, I pace, dance, and fidget a lot more freely, which is just more natural activity and calorie burn built into my day,” writes Trapani.In her post, Trapani answers pretty much all of the questions that come to mind: Does it hurt? Do you take breaks to sit? Are special shoes required? You name it. What do you think? Could you stand at your desk all day, rather than sit? Are you concerned about the impact that sitting can have on your health? Let us know your thoughts in the comments.Photo by Gina Trapani. 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic…center_img A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… Related Posts Tags:#biz#tips last_img read more

Apple’s War on Tinkerers Continues With the Retina MacBook Pro

first_imgWhy Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… Steve Jobs never wanted anyone to tinker with the machines built by his company. That’s why Apple’s original Macintosh required special tools to open it up and even then, it used proprietary parts and lacked extra slots. Today, that closed spirit lives on in the company’s newest laptop, the retina display-equipped MacBook Pro. This week, the new, high-end machine was crowned “the least repairable laptop” yet seen by iFixIt, a site that specializes in creating do-it-yourself repair guides for products. Much like some of its ancestors, the new MacBook Pro – which starts at $2,199 -requires specialized tools to gain access to its electronic innards. Once opened, only a few of its components can be safely repaired or replaced. Others are inaccessible or too risky for users to mess with.“It’s clear that Apple did not design this computer for the sake of repair-conscious customers,” reads iFixIt’s blog. “That said, a number of components can be removed without much fuss, provided folks use the correct tools.” For example, the laptop’s battery can be removed, but it must be done with extreme caution lest it be inadvertently punctured. In iFixIt’s tests, the team managed to wreck two batteries trying to swap them out. Apple evidently prefers that its customers have a trained technician perform the task, a process that can run customers several hundred dollars. Other components, such as the device’s signature high-resolution LCD screen or anything packed underneath it (like the FaceTime camera), are also probably too risky for most customers to tinker with themselves. Future Apple products may be even harder to crack open. The company is reportedly working on a screw with an asymmetric head for which no tools exist currently, according to a photo posted anonymously to Reddit. Of course, if these new screws ever see the light of day, it won’t be long before third parties will start selling matching tools. The specialized screw rumor remains unverified, but it wouldn’t be the first time Apple has used creative hardware engineering to keep users locked out of its devices. Update: The asymmetric screw story appears to have been a hoax. More information here. Macbook Pro Retina photo by Photo by Eliot Weisberg/ReadWriteWeb.Board photo by Chris Sinjo. A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… john paul titlow Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hostingcenter_img Related Posts Tags:#Apple#web 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Marketlast_img read more

Caste certificate not a must for SEBC students: Vinod Tawde

first_imgHigher and Technical Education Minister Vinod Tawde announced on Wednesday that caste validity certificate for the Socially and Economically Backward Class (SEBC) category students was not mandatory for admissions to engineering and other professional courses.Mr. Tawde made the announcement in the Assembly when Jayant Patil (Nationalist Congress Party) raised the issue after question hour.The move will benefit hundreds of students from the Maratha community, declared as socially and educationally backward class by the government.“The meeting of the admission controlling authority was held on Wednesday morning under the chairmanship of Chief Minister Devendra Fadnavis. The issue of caste validity certificate for the newly-created SEBC was discussed during the meeting. There was a shortage of staff for providing the caste certificates. As a result, if a student from SEBC category has already applied for caste certificate, then it will not be mandatory on the student to submit the caste validation certificate,” he said.Mr. Tawde informed that this will be applicable to engineering and other professional courses, the admission process for which has already started for the academic year 2019-2020. The SEBC category, he said, is not a part of the Maharashtra Scheduled Castes (SC), Scheduled Tribes (ST), De-notified Tribes (DNT), Nomadic Tribes (NT), Other Backward Classes (OBC), Special Backward Category (Regulation of Issuance and Verification of) Caste Certificate Act, 2000.“Hence, caste validity certificate for SEBC category students should not be insisted till further instructions. For non-SEBC students, there will be relaxation as per the Supreme Court directives,” Mr. Tawde said. While the Bill proposing 16 % reservation in education and government jobs for Marathas was passed by the Assembly in November last year, it was passed unanimously in the Council last week.last_img read more