To test the snake’s tentacles separately, the team placed the snakes and small fish in a tank in a dark room. They monitored the tank using infrared cameras and found the snakes caught the fish in complete darkness even when they were several centimeters away, although they struck out less often than in the light. They tested the eyes separately by placing the snakes in a clear-bottomed tank and displayed a movie of fish swimming under it. The snakes struck accurately at the fish even with no input from the tentacles.Catania said it was not rare for predators to have two good senses. For example, barn owls have great hearing and sight and they use them under different conditions. The snakes appear to be similar, he said, with the tentacles being the greatest help in dark conditions such as at night or in murky water.The research paper was published in The Journal of Experimental Biology on 1st February. (PhysOrg.com) — A new study of a snake with tentacles on its snout has found it has a unique system for sensing prey: its tentacles allow it to “see” in murky water. Citation: Snake uses tentacles to ‘see’ in the dark (2010, February 3) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-02-snake-tentacles-dark.html A water snake that predicts which way fish will turn when it attacks Tentacled Snake ([i]Erpeton tentaculatum[/i]). Image: Wikipedia Explore further This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. The aquatic snake (Erpeton tentaculatum) lives in slow-moving rivers and murky lakes in South-East Asia, and is the only snake with tentacles. Biologist Ken Catania of Vanderbilt University in Tennessee become fascinated by the reptiles when he saw them in a zoo, and decided to study them.The research team led by Catania found the snake hunts fish by forming a J shape with its lower midsection when a fish swims by. This alarms the fish and it darts off in the opposite direction, straight into the snake’s mouth. The researchers originally thought the tentacles were fish detectors, since the snake eats fish almost exclusively, but when they used fluorescent dye to mark the nerve fibers in tentacles of dead snakes and examined them under the microscope, they found many more embedded in the center of the tentacles than at the surface where nerve cells for touch and taste would be expected. This implies most of the nerve cells sense movement of the whole tentacles rather than sensations on their surface.Intrigued by their findings, the team experimented on live snakes, monitoring electrical activity in their brains while stroking the tentacles with tiny hairs and generating motion in the water using a small vibrating sphere. The tentacles responded to even the slightest deflection of their upper-lip tentacles, which suggests they would also respond to tiny currents made by fish movements. The experiments also showed that touch sensations on the tentacles stimulated a part of the brain involved with sight, which Catania said means the snakes are putting the two pieces of information together. More information: Function of the appendages in tentacled snakes (Erpeton tentaculatus), Journal of Experimental Biology 213, 359-367 (2010). doi:10.1242/jeb.039685 © 2010 PhysOrg.com
(PhysOrg.com) — It seems like small displays are all of the rage these days, and they just keep getting more and more advanced. In October of last year Ortus Technology created a 4.8-inch liquid crystal display that showed full color images. At the time, this screen with its pixel density of 458 pixels per inch, a density beyond the detection limit of the human eye, was the latest and greatest in the world of tiny screens. Now, it is only the most advanced of the 2D screens out there. Explore further Now, it has some 3D competition, and the call is coming from inside the house. Ortus has created a Hyper Amorphous Silicon TFT (HAST) screen. This new screen reduces the space between the pixels and gives it a whole new view. The 4.8-inch LCD screen will still show 2D images at the 458 pixels per inch rate, but now it can also show 3D images at a fairly impressive rate of 229 pixels per inch. This rate of pixels per inch will be able to show full HD resolution images with a final resolution of 1920 x 1080 pixels. The 3D does require the use of glasses to see the images pop, unlike other small format 3D screens such as the one found on the Nintendo 3DS. The 3D images will have a viewing angle of 160 degrees, and will be able to display up to 16.77 million colors.The 3D effect is created with a circular polarizing film known as Xpol, which was developed by Arisawa Manufacturing. The film needs to be precisely placed on the screen because this technology shows images for the left and right eye alternately on each line, halving the vertical resolution. More information: www.ortustech.co.jp/english/ This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. © 2010 PhysOrg.com World’s Highest Resolution 3D Images Citation: The worlds smallest 3D HD display (2011, May 16) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2011-05-worlds-smallest-3d-hd.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Grassopper of Acrididae family: Anacridium aegyptium. Credit: Alvesgaspar/Wikipedia. Mauritania ‘warns of locust plague’ (Phys.org) —A team of researchers in China, with assistance from U.S. entomologist Raymond St. Leger has uncovered the means by which a microbe can reduce swarming tendencies in locusts. In their paper published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the team describes how they were able to isolate the mechanism by which Paranosema locustae infections in locusts’ leads to less pheromone production and release in scat, which in turn causes less swarming response in other locusts. More information: “Unveiling the mechanism by which microsporidian parasites prevent locust swarm behavior,” by Wangpeng Shi et al. PNAS, www.pnas.org/cgi/doi/10.1073/pnas.1314009111 Explore further Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences © 2014 Phys.org Scientists have known for some time that P. locustae infections in individual locusts leads to less swarming in locusts around them. What was not known was how it happened. To find out the researchers with this new effort infected several locust specimens with P. locustae and then set them in chambers with uninfected locusts to see how they would respond. The team found that the infected locusts caused less swarming behavior in the healthy locusts, proving that there was truly a connection. Next, the team analyzed the scat from the infected locusts and compared it with the scat of healthy locusts—the two had different levels of the type of pheromones that have been suspected as signals between locusts—that convinced the team that the means by which the microbes were able to cause a reduction in swarming behavior was by causing a reduction in the production of pheromones in the infected locusts. Finally, to learn how the microbes were causing pheromone level changes in the locusts, the researchers examined the guts of both healthy and infected locusts. That led to the discovery that infected locust guts were more acidic than non-infected locusts, which led to a dampening of pheromone levels.The researchers are still puzzled as to why P. locustae would “want” to cause less swarming, as doing so would seem to lead to more difficulty in spreading from one of the insects to another. They are hopeful more research will solve the puzzle and in the meantime believe it might be possible to develop a pheromone based agent for use on crops to prevent them from being destroyed by swarming locusts, as a replacement for the toxic chemicals now in use. Citation: Team uncovers how microsporidian parasites prevent locust swarm behavior (2014, January 14) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-01-team-uncovers-microsporidian-parasites-locust.html
Journal information: Science Advances Citation: Study shows decline of shark populations even in remote ‘pristine’ archipelago (2018, March 8) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-03-decline-shark-populations-remote-pristine.html © 2018 Phys.org This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further Humans—the disturbing neighbours of reef sharks Silvertip sharks. Credit: Dan Bayley More information: Francesco Ferretti et al. Shark baselines and the conservation role of remote coral reef ecosystems, Science Advances (2018). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aaq0333AbstractScientific monitoring has recorded only a recent fraction of the oceans’ alteration history. This biases our understanding of marine ecosystems. Remote coral reef ecosystems are often considered pristine because of high shark abundance. However, given the long history and global nature of fishing, sharks’ vulnerability, and the ecological consequences of shark declines, these states may not be natural. In the Chagos archipelago, one of the remotest coral reef systems on the planet, protected by a very large marine reserve, we integrated disparate fisheries and scientific survey data to reconstruct baselines and long-term population trajectories of two dominant sharks. In 2012, we estimated 571,310 gray reef and 31,693 silvertip sharks, about 79 and 7% of their baseline levels. These species were exploited longer and more intensively than previously thought and responded to fishing and protection with variable and compensatory population trajectories. Our approach highlights the value of integrative and historical analyses to evaluate large marine ecosystems currently considered pristine. In this modern age of human encroachment across the planet, there are still some places that are believed to be very much like they were before humans arrived, including the Chagos archipelago in the middle of the Indian Ocean, thousands of miles away from any major land mass. In this new effort, the researchers wondered if, despite its remoteness, the archipelago might actually have been changed by humans. They chose this particular archipelago because unlike similar ones, it has a recorded history. Humans have been visiting the archipelago and places near it for hundreds of years, and many of them have kept records of things like fish and shark population estimates. The researchers chose to focus on sharks, because they are so abundant and because they are a dominant species, and thus have a major impact on the environment in which they live.The researchers gathered data from a variety of sources, starting with a survey conducted in the area back in 1948. They were also able to obtain data from the 1970s as teams of researchers in the area began conducting surveys by actually getting in the water. They also consulted catch records going back approximately half a century.The team analyzed their data with an algorithm designed to offer population predictions given a variety of environmental conditions. It suggested that despite appearances, shark populations in the archipelago are far lower than they would have been had humans not appeared on the scene—in some cases, dramatically so. One example, they note, was silvertip sharks. The computer showed them to be 93 percent below predicted baseline levels.The reduced populations, the researchers suggest, are almost certainly due to overfishing by humans—some legit, some not. The big takeaway from their study is that looks can be deceiving—the Chagos archipelago might appear undisturbed, but it is not. You can even find human trash among the coral, the researchers point out. A team of researchers with members from the U.S., France and the U.K. has found evidence showing reductions in shark populations in a part of the Indian ocean thought to be nearly pristine—the Chagos archipelago. In their paper published on the open access site Science Advances, the group describes their study of shark populations in the archipelago over time and what they found.
KOLKATA: A fire broke out at the emergency ward of Midnapore Medical College and Hospital on Sunday morning triggering panic among patients. No injury, however, has been reported in the incident.Some patients spotted smoke billowing out from the operation theatre at the emergency ward of the hospital at around 11.30 am. The smoke soon spread to other portions of the floor. Many patients fled the spot as the area soon got covered with thick black smoke. The power supply was disconnected immediately to avert any untoward incident. The staff members tried to douse the flames before the fire tenders reached the spot. Also Read – Heavy rain hits traffic, flightsThe hospital staff acted promptly and evacuated the patients from the building. The staff members also tried to douse the flames with the firefighting mechanism installed inside the hospital. The operation theatre was filled with smoke. After being informed, fire tenders were pressed into action to extinguish the fire.There was, however, no major damage due to the fire but panic broke out among the patients. The hospital authorities claimed that the fire might have taken place due to an electrical short circuit. The exact cause of the fire is yet to be ascertained. Four fire tenders were pressed into service to douse the flames. Also Read – Speeding Jaguar crashes into Merc, 2 B’deshi bystanders killedHospital authorities have asked the Public Works Department (PWD) to submit a report on how and why the fire had taken place. A senior official of the hospital said all the patients were safely shifted to another building of the hospital after the fire broke out.The firefighters brought the situation under control within an hour. Normal functions resumed at the emergency ward of the hospital. The preliminary investigation also suggests that an electrical short circuit might have caused the incident. The extent of the damage is yet to be ascertained.
Kolkata: Judges of the Calcutta High Court led by Chief Justice Jyotirmoy Bhattacharya paid their last respects to Somnath Chatterjee, whose body was brought to the court premises where he practised for several years as a barrister. The Bar Library Club, of which he was a member, the Bar Association and many lawyers also paid floral tributes to the departed former speaker of the Lok Sabha. Apart from the chief justice, justices Debasish Kargupta, Joymalyo Bagchi, Dipankar Dutta and Arijit Banerjee were among the judges who laid wreaths on the body of Chatterjee. Also Read – Rain batters Kolkata, cripples normal life Bar Library Club president Jayanta Mitra paid rich tributes to Chatterjee, with whom he had worked for many years from the early 1970’s. “I was privileged to have worked with him. I witnessed from close quarters his advocacy, his astute legal brain and personality in court,” Mitra, a former advocate general of West Bengal, said. “He used to dominate wherever he appeared, whether in courts or as a member of Parliament and as a speaker,” Mitra said. The Bar Library Club took a resolution not to attend high court today as a mark of respect. The resolution was also adopted by the Bar Association and Incorporated Law Society.
Many renowned academic scholars and political science aficionados were present on the release of the book ‘Winning the mandate -The Indian Experience’, a combined effort of Bidyut Chakrabarty, Professor of Political Science, University of Delhi and Sugato Hazra, senior adviser at DTA consulting. The event was held at India International Centre last week.The book brings forth behind-the-scene work of elections from the very first one in 1952 till Bihar election in 2015. It provides in-depth analysis of electoral campaigns, patterns in elections from time to time, and also tells about recent trends like the role of social media in elections. Also Read – ‘Playing Jojo was emotionally exhausting’It was an opportunity for the audience to witness the discussion among Jawhar Sircar, CEO, Prasar Bharti; Lord Meghnad Desai, a well known economist and Arati Jerath senior journalist under one roof. The panelists commented on the book and talked about the current scenario of the national politics. Meghnad Desai said: “The 2014 election was a landmark in Indian politics.”Jawhar Sircar commented on the work and said: “Bidyut has not edited its flamboyant style of writing which is good thing, half of it is about the history of election from 1952 to 2014 giving a quick recap while the rest focuses on 2014”. On the other hand, Aarti Jerath said: “The book provides valuable insights of 2014 elections and highlights similarities in the campaign strategies. Elections are fought on contextual issues and campaigns should be crafted around them.”
It’s a 1,200-page love of labour that’s taken 12 years to compile and on February 14, the 12th copy of Michelin Star Chef Vikas Khanna’s limited edition ‘Utsav – A Culinary Epic’ was auctioned for Rs 30 lakh that will go to feed 200,000 underprivileged children through an NGO he supports.”Today is my beloved late father’s birthday and I am proud that this has become more significant for me. I am very proud to share that the 12th copy was sold to (realtor) Rasesh Kanakia at an auction. The bidding opened at Rs 800,000 and the book was finally sold for Rs 3 million (Rs 30 lakh),” Khanna said. “It is very heartwarming to see how a book is so treasured to reach this benchmark. Also Read – Add new books to your shelf This will be the highest in the history of cookbooks and most importantly, the funds raised will feed 200,000 meals to kids through (NGO) Smile Foundation. It feeds the future of our nation,” added Khanna, who also wears the hats of restaurateur, cookbook writer, filmmaker, humanitarian and the judge of MasterChef India Seasons 2-5 and Masterchef Junior. Describing the book as the “world’s largest compilation of festivals, ceremonies, rituals and foods that symbolise India and its resplendent heritage”, he said it explores the country through a ‘festival and food lens’ and weaves the old world charm and traditions into the rich tapestry of the nation’s culture and history. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive”The food across regions and communities is the jewel that sparkles and makes ‘Utsav’ a precious collection of India’s unique yet diverse and magnificent inheritance. The magnum opus is a kaleidoscope of colors and delightful imagery with each picture telling a story of celebrations – some that continue to thrive while some have got lost with passage of time,” Khanna said.Twelve handcrafted, gold-gilded, hand-painted copies of ‘Utsav’ have been created. They have been presented to world leaders like Prime Minister Narendra Modi, former US Presidents Barack Obama and Bill Clinton, religious leaders like the Dalai Lama and Pope Francis and celebrities like Lata Mangeshkar, Amitabh Bachchan and Shahrukh Khan, among others. The 11th copy has been reserved for Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II, while the 12th was to have been presented to Apple founder Steve Jobs but he died before this could happen. Each of these 12 copies is a collector’s delight.”(Designer) Suvigya Sharma has created some covers out of 24 karat gold and used vegetables and natural colors to paint the covers. Each of the 12 copies is different from the other and they have gold-crusted work on the cover as well as the box containing the book,” Khanna explained.The book was originally launched at the Cannes Film Festival in 2015. Another 500-copy limited edition will be released on Diwali, October 19, 2017. Every book will be numbered and documented. Other details – format, pages, publisher, price – are in the process of being worked out.What went into the writing of the book? “I have spent more than 12 years compiling ‘Utsav’ as I researched and captured festivals across seasons as well as those that have disappeared over time or have been left to just community-sharing today,” Khanna explained. Travelling extensively across the country over the last few years – whether to capture a Jagannath Yatra and its significance in the East to Uttarayan in the West, Ugadi in the South to a Krishna Janamasthan in the North, “the idea was to re-energise the almost non existent yet significant festivals like Rosh Hashanah for Jews to Cheti Chand for Sindhis or remote festivals like Hornbill in Nagaland or Losar in Ladakh”, he said.Tribal festivals like ‘Bonalu’ or the simple celebration of ‘Saavan’ or ‘Teej’ also find their rightful place. The grandeur of a Diwali, Eid, Durga Puja and Christmas has been explored and taken to another level while small, hidden festivals like the Three Kings Feast have been given their rightful place.”I have also tried to detail the history behind the ceremonies and sacred ingredients that have been used scientifically as well as mythically in our rich heritage. While the festivals help build the aura, the food is what connects people and brings the celebrations to life,” Khanna noted.What of the future?”I take life as it comes but sometimes, I feel that projects choose us. Just like ‘Utsav’ or my documentary series ‘Holy Kitchens’. I want to continue to do more meaningful work with food, literature, kitchens, hunger, malnutrition and education,” Khanna replied. Is he doing any TV programmes? “I only do 2 TV Shows, ‘MasterChef’ and ‘Twist of Taste’. I hope to continue doing them in the middle of my crazy schedule. My time is also committed to doing 3-4 ‘Cook for Smile’ shows where the CEOs meet not in boardrooms but in the kitchens,” he concluded.
Kolkata: Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee on Friday laid the foundation stones for setting up four new medical colleges in the state and also inaugurated a host of new projects.The four new medical colleges that are coming up are — Arambag Medical College and Hospital in Hooghly, Barasat Medical College and Hospital in North 24-Parganas, Tomluk Medical College and Hospital in East Midnapore and Jhargram Medical College and Hospital in Jhargram district. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseThe construction of five medical colleges has already been completed and they will be made operational this year giving a huge boost to the health infrastructure of the state. The five hospitals have come up at Diamond Harbour, Purulia, Rampurhat, Raigunj and Cooch Behar. There will be 300-500 beds in each hospital. The necessary infrastructure is in place and the medical colleges are ready to be operated, a senior health department official said. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataBanerjee also inaugurated OPD services at Serampore Superspecialty Hospital in Hooghly, Uluberia Superspecialty Hospital in Howrah and also ‘Matri Maa’ (mother and child hub) along with SNCU at Kanthi Sub-divisional Hospital at Nandigram Health District in East Midnapore. Chief Minister Banerjee who is also the health minister of the state announced that a new software would soon be introduced for the better operation of diagnostic and dialysis services in the hospitals across the state under public private partnership model. She also laid the foundation stones for the up-gradation of the Furfura Sharif Primary Health Centre in Hooghly from 10-30 beds and also the up-gradation of a District Reserve Store each at Nandigram District Hospital and Kalimpong District Hospital. Kalimpong Nursing Training School and Hospital in Kalimpong would also be set up the foundation stone of which was laid by Banerjee from the Mati Utsav in Hooghly’s Tarakeswar. The Chief Minister inaugurated a blood component separation unit at Hooghly district hospital, Linear Accelerator Machines at the Kolkata Medical College and Hospital, a thalassemia control unit at Alipurduar District Hospital. A new building at the Lumbini Park Mental Hospital in the city Digital and an X-ray unit under PPP mode in Salt Lake Sub-divisional Hospital in North 24-Parganas were also inaugurated by the Chief Minister from Hooghly. Following the instruction of the Chief Minister, the state health department has already set up more than 40 Super specialty hospitals across the state so that people in the districts can avail best quality treatment particularly in the rural areas.
Women who use birth control pills may have a poor judgement of subtle facial expressions, which could impact their intimate relationships, according to a study. Scientists from the University of Greifswald in Germany challenged women to identify complex emotional expressions like pride or contempt, rather than basic ones like happiness or fear. They revealed subtle changes in emotion recognition associated with oral contraceptive pill (OCP) use. Also Read – Add new books to your shelfThe study found that OCP users were nearly 10 per cent worse on average than non-users in deciphering the most enigmatic emotional expressions. The finding raises questions over the possible impact of OCPs on social interactions in intimate relationships, researchers said. Women deciding whether to take an oral contraceptive have access to a lot of reliable information about the potential physical effects, they said. Besides birth control, hormonal contraceptives can help control acne, heavy periods and endometriosis – as well as reducing the risk of ovarian, uterine and colon cancers, the researchers said. Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveOn the downside, the pill can increase slightly the risk of breast and cervical cancer, blood clots and high blood pressure, they said. However, the psychological effects of OCP use are less well documented. “More than 100 million women worldwide use oral contraceptives, but remarkably little is known about their effects on emotion, cognition and behaviour,” said Alexander Lischke of the University of Greifswald. “However, coincidental findings suggest that oral contraceptives impair the ability to recognise emotional expressions of others, which could affect the way users initiate and maintain intimate relationships,” Lischke said. The researchers administered a special emotion recognition task to two similar groups of healthy women: 42 OCP users, and 53 non-users. “If oral contraceptives caused dramatic impairments in women’s emotion recognition, we would have noticed this in our everyday interactions with our partners,” said Lischke. “We assumed that these impairments would be very subtle, indicating that we had to test women’s emotion recognition with a task that was sensitive enough to detect such impairments,” he said. The researchers used a very challenging emotion recognition task that required the recognition of complex emotional expressions from the eye region of faces. The results were subtle – but very clear: OCP users were less accurate in the recognition of the most subtle complex expressions than non-users – by nearly 10 per cent, on average.
History is as fascinating for its mysteries as for what it tells us about the past. Cases where people disappear are especially interesting. They are a prime example of history at its most tangible, yet they are also cryptic, dangling loose ends that will seemingly never be tied up. Take Jimmy Hoffa for example. This infamous champion of the oppressed in the U.S. rose to the top of the Teamsters Union, before ties to organized crime proved his undoing. He was incarcerated in 1967 following charges of jury tampering, fraud and attempted bribery.Hoffa resigned his role after four years behind bars, as part of a deal with President Nixon. 1980 was the year in which he could legally resume his union activities, but the giant of the labor movement thought he could overturn the decision. This set him on a path that led to his mysterious disappearance.Hoffa (left) with son James P. Hoffa in 1965.In 1975 he was in the midst of a prospective comeback and was spotted outside a restaurant in Detroit, Michigan. This was the last time anyone saw him alive. Although he was officially declared dead in 1982, the lack of a body has fueled speculation about his fate.Hoffa (right) and Bernard Spindel after a 1957 court session in which they pleaded not guilty to illegal wiretap charges.There are those who claim he still lives, but a more likely explanation is that he fell foul of the Mafia. One theory is that he was executed by the Mob then destroyed in a sausage factory. Last year Prof. James Buccellato of Northern Arizona University gave his expert opinion on the mystery. He had this to say to CBS Detroit:“There were a couple of incinerators in Detroit that were owned by the Mafia. It would’ve been a quick drop…and possibly a sausage factory in Detroit; he was possibly ground up… I really disagree with the notion that his body was transported to New Jersey and buried or New York and buried or Florida and fed to the alligators. It’s just not practical.”His story was immortalized on film in 1992 by director Danny DeVito and star Jack Nicholson as Hoffa. Written by David Mamet, the movie didn’t definitively say who murdered the union boss. A more direct approach is being taken by Martin Scorsese, whose film The Irishman — about Hoffa’s supposed killer Frank Sheeran — will be released in 2019.Amelia Earhart standing beside a Merrill CIT-9 Safety Plane, Los Angeles, c.1928.Our next disappearance takes us from the cold ground to the clear air. Amelia Earhart blazed a trail for female pilots through her feats of flying. These included being the first woman to take a plane single-handedly over the Atlantic Ocean. In 1937, however, her legacy took on a different complexion.During her around-the-world adventure, she and navigator Fred Noonan had reached the Pacific and were looking to stop off at the small land mass of Howland Island. There was just one problem… they couldn’t find it. Some fractured radio transmissions were all that remained of the pioneering pilot and her colleague.Amelia Earhart standing under nose of her Lockheed Model 10-E Electra.Ideas about the fate of Earhart and Noonan are as random as the currents from an ocean storm. As written in National Geographic in 2017, there are 3 prevailing theories. The first is that they simply went down in the drink, and were claimed by the sea. Deep sea companies such as Nauticos, based in Maryland, have explored the aquatic area.As described in the article, “In March and April of 2002, the company used a high-tech, deep-sea sonar system to search 630 square miles (1,630 square kilometers) of the ocean floor near Howland. They didn’t find the plane on that expedition or a 2006 follow-up mission.”Amelia Earhart standing in front of the Lockheed Electra in which she disappeared in July 1937.Another piece of informed guesswork involves Nikumaroro Island, thought to be the only plausible landing location had Earhart’s Lockheed Electra 10E missed Howland. According to research by TIGHAR (The International Group for Historic Aircraft Recovery):“The researchers base their hypothesis on Earhart’s last radio transmissions… ‘KHAQQ [the Electra’s call letters] to Itasca. We are on the line 157 337.’… The ‘line 157 337’ indicates that the plane was flying on a northwest to southeast navigational line that bisected Howland Island. If Earhart and Noonan missed Howland, they would fly either northwest or southeast on the line to find it. To the northwest of Howland lies open ocean for thousands of miles; to the southwest is Nikumaroro.”Amelia Earhart in Hawaii. Photo by Pacific Aviation Museum CC BY 2.0The last idea concerns wartime intrigue, with Earhart and Noonan heading for the Marshall Islands with nowhere else to land. They were then held by occupying Japanese forces. Were they spying for the Americans, or just caught up in the crossfire? Things get a little murky.Amelia Earhart – Aviation Pioneer“Some believe both pilots were eventually killed, while others believe Earhart and maybe Noonan returned to the U.S. under assumed names. According to one theory, Earhart took the name Irene Craigmile, then married Guy Bolam and became Irene Bolam, who died in New Jersey in 1982.”Earhart’s story has inspired all manner of media. A song called ‘Amelia Earhart’s Last Flight’ was recorded in four years after her disappearance by Red River Dave McEnery, also known as the “Yodelling Cowboy.”Amelia Earhart in evening clothesOnscreen she has been portrayed by Diane Keaton, Hilary Swank, and most recently Amy Adams in the Night At The Museum franchise. These ensure her memory is never lost, even though her whereabouts are still a mystery to this day.Finally there is the strange case of D.B. Cooper. Several years before Jimmy Hoffa walked onto that restaurant parking lot and was never seen again, a character in dark glasses boarded a plane in Portland, OR. His tale of “air piracy” has passed into hijacking legend for its sheer audacity.An initial attempt to inform an air stewardess about his intentions fell flat. “After takeoff, he handed a note to a flight attendant, who assumed he was hitting on her and placed it in her purse,” as related by the History Channel.A man dressed up like D.B. Cooper in Pike Place Market, Seattle.Following that false start, he mentioned to her that he was carrying a bomb. He then put his daring plan into operation, demanding $200,000 and four parachutes. After the plane landed at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport, Cooper was given what he’d asked for and told the pilot to make for Mexico City.Cooper didn’t step off onto the runway though. His means of exit were altogether more dramatic. History writes, “A short time later, he jumped out of the plane and into a raging thunderstorm. He was never seen or heard from again. Since his disappearance, the FBI has investigated and subsequently ruled out more than a thousand suspects.” Numerous sources, including this website, have followed the investigation into the skyjacker’s identity.One of several FBI composite sketches of D. B. Cooper.The mysterious figure had a cultural impact, winding up in numerous small screen productions, such as The Blacklist and Prison Break. He also used the expression “No funny stuff,” which some may recognize from 1998 Coen Brothers comedy The Big Lebowski.FBI sketches of Cooper, with age progression.It was only last month, some 46 years after the event took place, that the mystery was reportedly resolved. Writer and filmmaker Thomas Colbert believed the culprit was Robert Rackstraw, a veteran of Vietnam, based on a letter penned by Cooper in 1972.FBI wanted poster of D. B. Cooper.Colbert joined forces with Rick Sherwood, who had been Rackstraw’s boss in the military. Sherwood examined the letter and verified it as his former employee’s handiwork.Read another story from us: After nearly 74 years, the remains of an 82nd AB paratrooper are coming homeIn an interview with The Daily News he revealed: “I read it two or three times and said, ‘This is Rackstraw, this is what he does’…I noticed he kept on repeating words in his sentences and thought he had a code in there somewhere. He was taunting like he normally does and I thought his name was going to be in it and sure enough the numbers added up perfectly.”It just goes to show that, no matter how impenetrable the situation, a dogged determination and lots of perseverance can triumph against history’s deepest mysteries.Steve Palace is a writer, journalist and comedian from the UK. Sites he contributes to include The Vintage News, Art Knews Magazine and The Hollywood News. His short fiction has been published as part of the Iris Wildthyme range from Obverse Books.
Today in The Herd, Colin said that Saban getting annoyed with the press is nothing new, but this season something seems out of place. His latest dust up over a nothing transfer makes Saban look like a bully.“All you’re doing is basically begging to get clobbered. That’s all you’re doing. You’re just begging to get bad PR going into a season. And it’s obviously got Nick all worked up. I’ve never seen him this feisty.”I’s not clear why Saban is so aggressively punching down this offseason, but he looks more like an angry stepdad than the coach of the defending national champs.Colin and Jason also dug into what’s going on with Saban and Bama on yesterday’s Speak for Yourself.“You have to take the belt. Nick Saban has it and no one is taking it from him.” @WhitlockJason on Alabama Footballhttps://t.co/5uzrc7N1CH— Speak For Yourself (@SFY) August 4, 2016 Nick Saban has always dismissively addressed the media from his dictatorial perch. He’s like Bill Belichick, but with words instead of mumbling grunts. But, even as reporters have become accustomed to getting talked down to by Saban for asking anything resembling a legitimate question, this off season has felt a little bit different. He’s been more visibly annoyed, more agitated, and has gone from prickly to just flat out being a bully.Saban’s outburst at longtime college football columnist Paul Finebaum for asking a question about why two Bama players who were arrested wouldn’t be suspended for the opener at USC instantly went viral.Yesterday, Saban lost it again when he was asked if he would block the transfer request of Senior defensive back Maurice Smith to Georgia. Smith has been a career backup and would likely be a bit contributor with minimal impact if he joined the Bulldogs. At one point, Saban became so perturbed with the reporter, he asked him if, “You want me to do a Belichick on you?”
41-year old Brad Stevens is the NBA coaching wunderkind, and has his starless Celtics with a 2-0 lead in the Eastern Conference Finals, and LeBron James on the ropes. But before Stevens went into coaching he played college ball at DIII DePauw University in Indiana, and before that was the all-time leading scorer at Zionsville Community High School outside of Indianapolis (a record broken this year by Purdue commit Isaiah Thompson ).A clip posted by the Boston Globe in 2013 proves Stevens could ball. In a crucial 1995 sectional playoff game against the Lebanon Tigers, the baby faced assassin goes off for 24, including 4 threes. Stevens also sent one shot into the fifth row with a LeBron-esque fastbreak chasedown block.Brad Stevens was a dude.
Also:– Colin’s Herd Hierarchy after Week 5– Jerry Jones has decisions to make at coach and QB– Philly’s struggles illustrate New England’s greatness– Drew Brees joins the show to discuss breaking the NFL all-time passing yards recordGuests:Drew Brees – Saints QB and NFL all-time passing leader; Doug Gottlieb – FS1 Analyst and host of The Doug Gottlieb Show; David Njoku – Browns Tight End; Gary Myers – Longtime NY Sports Columnist Drew Brees’ record more impressive because of what he’s overcomeDrew Brees broke the NFL record for career passing yards last night, and Colin thinks the record is even more impressive because of all that Brees has had to overcome to get to this point in his career.Brees is undersized, was under recruited, suffered a near career ending shoulder injury, and has succeeded in New Orleans where almost everyone else has failed. Brees’ stats are impressive, but they aren’t the most impressive thing about him
Bill Belichick press conferences after a win can seem like a hostage standoff after a win, but yesterday’s meeting with the media after the Patriots’ crushing, walk off loss on the Miami Miracle was it’s own special kind of awkward. Shockingly, Bill wasn’t feeling chatty, but the best part was the 30-seconds of uncomfortable silence and stewing in the middle when he just stares down reporters until they shrink in their sport coats. Who wants to ask the nice man a question?In all honestly, he acts like the most devastating regular season loss in recent NFL history was like losing the final preseason game. Just below the surface, you can sense he’s stewing with pure raging anger over his decision to put Gronk in the game on defense.Here’s the 30 seconds of silence that feels like an hour.
7 min read May 6, 2014 More and more small businesses throughout the world are finally waking up to the benefits of accepting Bitcoin payments. Zero chargebacks, low (and sometimes no) transaction fees and no transaction reversals are big boons, but they’re only the beginning.On a broader scale, accepting Bitcoin eliminates the hassle and expense of cross-border transaction fees, opening merchants up to new markets across the world. Latching onto the Bitcoin payment trend can also thrust early adopters into the media spotlight and help them stand out from the competition.“Bitcoin can reduce [merchants’] credit card processing fees to less than one percent,” said Nicholas Tomaino, business development manager at Coinbase, a San Francisco-based global Bitcoin wallet and merchant service. “This is especially appealing for small businesses that sacrifice anywhere between three to five percent of their revenues to these fees.”Related: Square Market Now Takes Bitcoin PaymentsSome 50,000-plus merchants around the world already accept Bitcoin, Tomaino said. The “vast majority” of them, he said, are online businesses, not brick-and-mortar operations, making the in-store corner of the market “ripest for bitcoin to disrupt.”The barrier to entry for most online and brick-and-mortar merchants: they don’t know how to accept Bitcoin and they lack the technology to accept it.Enter the growing wave of point-of-sale payment processors racing to the rescue, seizing on the opportunity to equip businesses with the tools to make accepting Bitcoin a seamless process. A game with many players“People have bitcoins and want to spend them and our job is to make it easy for merchants to accept them,” said Tony Gallippi, co-founder and CEO of BitPay, a leading Bitcoin payment processing service provider that launched in May 2011. The Atlanta-based startup helps more than 30,000 merchants process $1 million in Bitcoin transactions daily across the world. Some of the more recognizable businesses in the BitPay bunch include Virgin Galactic, WordPress, Shopify, Gyft and TigerDirect. BitPay’s Mobile Checkout app allows retailers to receive Bitcoin payments on their smartphones or tablets.BitPay offers monthly pricing plans and charges no per transaction fees. Plans range from $30 to $300 per 30 days, depending on the scope of your support needs and the total amount of purchases processed per day.Some other mobile Bitcoin payment apps available today include BIPS, Coinbox, GoCoin, the last of which also enables transactions in Litecoin and Dogecoin as well.Related: More Major Retailers Are Getting Ready to Accept BitcoinRevel Systems, which also launched in May 2011, is a major player in the iPad point-of-sale checkout systems space. After noticing that some of its clients were already accepting Bitcoin, the San Francisco startup recently partnered with Coinbase to add Bitcoin integration to its hardware-software iPad checkout payment systems. Revel serves small and mid-sized brick-and-mortar retail and food industry businesses, including Goodwill, Belkin, Dairy Queen, and Popeyes Louisiana Kitchen.Lisa Falzone, Revel’s co-founder and CEO, said merchants have no choice but to broaden the range of alternative currencies they accept to meet the rising demand, not just for Bitcoin.“We see a lot of potential in cryptocurrency, mobile payments and other capital that have yet to be invented,” she said. “I think Bitcoin is just one of the many electronic currencies that will emerge in the future. Developing POS platforms that are payment processor and digital currency agnostic will allow for the development and usage of future cryptocurrencies as they evolve and develop.”Related: Bitcoin Owners: There’s Now a Bitcoin-to-Cash ATM CardWhen a customer pays with Bitcoin on Revel’s cloud-based POS system (perhaps for a bucket of fried chicken from Popeyes), the employee at the checkout stand simply selects the Bitcoin payment option from the iPad screen. Next, the customer scans a QR code that appears on the iPad payment screen using his or her smartphone Bitcoin wallet app and, in about the span of a minute (significantly longer than processing a standard debit or credit card payment), the transfer of bitcoins is complete. An email confirmation is then sent to both parties.The cost of a Revel POS system, which comes with an iPad, router and printer, is $3,300, plus $50 per month for the companion software.Toronto-based Coinkite manufactures similar, less bulky, less expensive all-in-one handheld Bitcoin hardware POS mobile checkout terminals for merchants. Its two terminal products accept Bitcoin and Litecoin payments, with additional cryptocurrency support coming soon. Coinkite terminals range between $490 (no QR code scanner feature) and $803 (QR scanner feature included).The hurdlesPaying for goods and services in Bitcoin is widely considered more secure than paying with a credit card, and it’s more private, at least for now. Paying with credit cards can expose buyers’ credentials to cyberthieves (as evidenced by the recent massive Michael’s and Target security breaches), whereas paying with bitcoins involves providing a merchant with your bitcoin address (or public key), “which can’t be used by fraudsters,” Tomaino of Coinbase said. Remember, though, that fraudsters exploited vulnerabilities in Mt. Gox’s private key cold storage system to make off with millions of Bitcoins.Related: Meet the College Students Who Are Driving the Future of BitcoinThe biggest challenge in the Bitcoin POS market right now, Tomaino said, is that Bitcoin POS applications can only run on Android and Windows mobile devices at the moment. According to the latest Nielsen stats, about half (42 percent) of Americans who own smartphones have Apple handsets. The other half use Android devices (52 percent), with slivers of the market still going to lingering BlackBerry (3 percent) and Windows (2 percent) phone users.Apple continues to shun to apps that transmit Bitcoin transactions. So far Apple has booted Blockchain, Coinbase and all other similar Bitcoin wallets from its marketplace. Nicolas Cary, CEO of Blockchain, speculated that perhaps Apple is allergic to Bitcoin apps because it’s likely angling for its own piece of the lucrative mobile payments pie. If the rumors are true, Cary might be right.Interestingly, Revel’s iPad POS app is still live in the App Store, even with the company’s recent Bitcoin integration care of Coinbase.A bright futureGallippi sees a future where the ability to pay for goods and services in Bitcoin is the norm, and it’s not too far off.“In five years we expect Bitcoin to be widely accepted globally so that no matter where a person goes, bitcoin will be accepted alongside cash and credit cards,” he said. Tomaino, however, expects Bitcoin payments to mainstream much sooner.Related: What the Heck is Bitcoin Anyway? “In the next year we’ll see some major national retailers accepting Bitcoin at multiple locations,” he said, “and we’ll see several professional sports stadiums accept bitcoin for tickets, concessions and merchandise.” The Sacramento Kings already do all of that.Yelp, a popular customer review site, recently announced that it’s letting users know which of its millions of listed business now accept Bitcoin as payment.With hundreds of alt currencies already circulating and new ones coming online all the time, consumers will continue to demand the ability to pay in the cryptocurrency of their choice, online and in-store. Is your business ready for the crypto-payments revolution?Related: PayPal Is Cracking Down on Bitcoin Sellers Enroll Now for Free Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience.
When modern tablet computers first arrived to market, many people thought they would be primarily used to consume, rather than create, content. And who could argue? Without a keyboard or mouse, and only a stubby finger to flick, creation seemed like it would be troublesome at best.My, how things change. My Apple iPad has quickly become an indispensable tool for work. For the last two years I’ve worked from an iPad on a daily basis. I often tout it as my favorite computer even when I’m asked to compare it to my iMac, a full-fledged desktop, or MacBook Air, a featherweight laptop. The iPad’s portability, day-long battery life, and built-in cellular connection—not to mention the broad selection of apps—only help.As the winter holiday season approaches each year, I find myself more excited for Apple’s iPad event than I am for its iPhone event, which typically precedes it. This year was no different: right on schedule in October, Apple introduced an updated iPad lineup.The improved iPad line comes at a time when Apple has seen a decline in that product’s sales for three consecutive quarters. The decline itself coincides with a trend in which smartphones, including Apple’s own iPhone, are growing in size. The shift blurs the line between phone and tablet, and prompts the question: where should the iPad fit in our lives?The new iPad Air 2 (the most notable model of the new crop) offers a display with improved color and contrast, a slimmer profile, and Apple’s fingerprint scanning technology. It also has a faster processor and more storage.I spent two weeks testing the iPad Air 2, and at the end of my time with the device, I found myself equally impressed and disappointed. The tablet is impressively responsive and smooth when it comes to scrolling through documents or web pages and launching applications. Yet when I set aside the physical keyboard that I used with the device and attempted to use it strictly as a mobile device, I often felt as if the iPad was nothing more than an extra screen offering bigger pictures and larger text than my phone.(It should come as no surprise that I have been using Apple’s new iPhone 6 Plus in recent weeks, which I’m sure helped contribute to the feeling.)Instead of picking up my iPad to read an article or watch a video on YouTube, I would find myself remaining with the iPhone, the experience just as pleasant. Anecdotally, friends have told me similar scenarios: since upgrading to the iPhone 6 Plus, their iPad sits on a shelf, collecting dust.The similarities are underscored by the fact that the latest version of iOS, Apple’s mobile operating system, is exceedingly similar between the iPad, iPad mini and iPhone 6 Plus. For example, there is now enough room on the iPhone for two column-views in landscape mode, something only the larger iPad previously enjoyed.But that’s alright. If the tablet is the new laptop, the blurred line between it and the phone matters less, and there may be room for growth at the other end—certainly from a productivity standpoint. I would love to see Apple release a physical keyboard built specifically for the iPad and with software support for custom interactions and auto-correct. I would love the ability to run two apps in a split-screen arrangement, for example. And going out on limb that’s sure to fall, I’d love to see Apple bring more information to the home screen using widgets. Yes, widgets.Despite these shortcomings, I developed an appreciation for the iPad Air 2. I found the addition of the tablet’s fingerprint sensor for secure access convenient (it works with the handy password manager 1Password) and a productivity boost. The recently released Pixelmator for iPad, an image editor, combined with the new model’s improved graphics performance has helped reaffirm it as a PC replacement for me.But let’s be honest: My use case is far from the norm. I’ve spent countless hours and dollars researching apps and accessories in order to make the iPad work for me. I have forced the iPad to fit into my life. The average person is less likely to invest that kind of time. For those people, that burden lies at Apple’s feet. Problem Solvers with Jason Feifer This story originally appeared on Fortune Magazine Listen Now Hear from business owners and CEOs who went through a crippling business problem and came out the other side bigger and stronger. 4 min read November 5, 2014
Register Now » 2 min read Free Webinar | Sept 5: Tips and Tools for Making Progress Toward Important Goals If you were a business that wanted an app, your options weren’t always good: You’d likely lose weeks of your life wading through AppTank and Craigslist listings, emailing developers and taking meeting after meeting. Now there’s Gigster, a site that boils all that work down into one sitting. Just fill out a form at Gigster.com outlining your project, budget, time frame and desired features (say, processing orders or handling payments), and the site will send a guaranteed estimate in 10 minutes.“Founders would take out their credit cards and pay for the project on the spot,” says Roger Dickey, who founded Gigster with engineer Debo Olaosebikan. “It was a series of those ‘one click and go’ transactions that allowed us to grow very quickly as word spread about what we could do.”The site was started in 2014, and currently works with more than 1,490 freelance designers, developers and project managers. Gigster’s network will build anything from simple mobile apps and websites to advanced product features for existing apps — and, bonus, it provides a project manager to make sure progress stays on track. That no-fuss process has won a wide range of fans. Gigster began by serving only small businesses, but is now also doing work for the likes of Square, IBM and the World Bank. The only catch: Its days of low-cost apps are over. The average project fee on Gigster used to be $7,000, but now that larger companies (and their big budgets) have arrived, prices have risen to an average of $22,000. Still, deals can be had: The minimum fee is $1,000, and simple projects can be done on the cheap. “We can finish a project in a week that would take inside developers a month,” Dickey says, “and I know we’ll do higher-quality work for less money.” Attend this free webinar and learn how you can maximize efficiency while getting the most critical things done right. March 28, 2016 This story appears in the April 2016 issue of Entrepreneur. Subscribe »
This hands-on workshop will give you the tools to authentically connect with an increasingly skeptical online audience. September 16, 2017 From Wi-Fi to domestic travel, there are some things we can’t even think about living without. However, what if you had to choose between Netflix or Spotify? Turns out, most people would give up Spotify.Related Video: How This Private Aviation Startup Found Its Niche in the Luxury MarketA recent survey of more than 1,000 people asked what luxuries people could and couldn’t live without. Unsurprisingly, the first thing people were quick to give up was nice towels. However, when it came to travel, food delivery, Netflix, coffee and more, decisions became more difficult.Overall and without much surprise, people categorized Wi-Fi and their smartphone as the top two “have to have” items. Coming in close behind were pets, a dryer and a nice mattress, which also ranked in the “have to have” category.When it comes to health and wellness, people also prioritized eating out and buying lunch over going to the gym. Between coffee or alcohol, a majority chose coffee.Related: Why Travel Should Be a Top Priority for Every EntrepreneurSo, what would you give up? Check out Thermosoft’s infographic below to find out more. Enroll Now for Free Free Workshop | August 28: Get Better Engagement and Build Trust With Customers Now 1 min read